There are a lot of confusion about running online classes. I tried to summarize the problem. The online method can be divided into synchronous and asynchronous. Synchronous is a method in which learners and instructors face to face in real time. Synchronous method includes both video conference and live broadcasting through video streaming.
For live broadcasting, It is common to use chatting to get learner’s response. There is some delay occurs during live broadcasting. While synchronous is performed in simultaneous interactions between learners and instructors, asynchronous method is performed is not. Usually the learning activities including video are proposed to the learners and the learnings are performed individually in self-phased manner.
I use a combination of these two methods, explain how to conduct a class for a certain amount of time on live broadcast for synchronous session, and ask learners do activities such as pre-prepared videos, quizzes, and assignments for asynchronous session. I try to open either live broadcasting channel or web conference tool is open during assigned class hours, to receive real-time feedback and monitor learning. Learners should concentrate on the learning activities of the subject during the designated class time, and any unsuccessful part of the study may be conducted on their own phase in their time shake.
Video conferencing tools and live broadcasting tools are also different. For example, Zoom, WiziQ, Hangout, and Teams are video conferencing tools. Participants can gather together in a space on the Internet and proceed as if they were talking. YouTube’s live broadcast, band, cacao, and Facebook’s live broadcast are not video conferencing tools, but live broadcast tools. You need to decide which tool to use depending on the size of the learner and how you are doing it.
When I prepare online class, I consider three methods according to the according to the Internet bandwidth environment. You can also setup several channel for the emergency case. The basic and robust way is using SNS chatting. So, it it better to set up this lowest channel communicative all the time of the eLearning class session.
- If you have good internet speed: Use video conferencing or live broadcasts to make full use of the benefits of video.
- If the internet speed is medium: Communicate using audio. For example, the band’s chat features a group audio chat, and members can communicate in group calls in real time.
- If the internet speed is very low: Communicate through the chat function. You can use a common SNS.
It is very important to run a group of learning units using SNS. It can be useful in the form of a hotline when emergency contact or services used in other advanced environments are blocked. There is a function to provide messaging through a dedicated LMS app provided by your organization, but usually the functionality of it is not better than that of commercially available SNS. I would like to recommend to create and operate a separate SNS classroom. In other words, my recommendation is to operate a class by combining LMS + video conference + SNS.